The Data-Information Hierarchy, Part 3

The Data-Information Hierarchy is frequently represented as
Data –> Information –> Knowledge –> Understanding –> Wisdom.

Or it is sometimes shortened to 4 steps, omitting Understanding. But, in fact, there are two predecessor steps: chaos and symbol. These concepts have been discussed in prior blogs

(http://profreynolds.com/2011/01/31/the-data-information-hierarchy/
http://profreynolds.com/2011/02/11/the-data-information-hierarchy-part-2/).

Chaos is that state of lack of understanding best compared to the baby first perceiving the world around him. There is no comprehension of quantities or values, but a perception of large and small.

Symbol (or symbolic representation) represents the first stages of quantification. As such, symbolic representation and quantification concepts from the predecessor to Data.

So the expanded Data-Information hierarchy is represented in the seven steps:

Chaos –>
Symbol –>
Data –>
Information –>
Knowledge –>
Understanding –>
Wisdom

Continuing with this Data-Hierarchy paradigm, we can represent the five primary steps with the simple explanation:

  • Data and Information : ‘Know What’
  • Knowledge : ‘Know How’
  • Understanding : ‘Know Why’
  • Wisdom : ‘Use It’
About Mark Reynolds 37 Articles
Master of Engineering professional experienced as engineer, architect, manager, mentor and evangelist. Accomplished Architect demonstrating proactive application of digital technologies and agile methodologies balanced between engineering, development, automation, adaptive processing, and distributed systems. Solution Evangelist with recognized command of processes, distributed systems, analytics, machine learning, and multiple digital technologies. Mentor, Professor and Lifelong Learner teaching internal educational projects, university computer science, industry conferences.